Dental Implants

Implant Dentistry

Implant dentistry is the type of dentistry that deals with the placement of artificial tooth root into the jaws as a replacement of a missing or removed tooth. A dental implant is a surgical component that effectively integrates with the jaw bone in order to support a dental formula. These components are placed in the jaw bone so that it can fuse with the skull and become a strong and muscular base for the replacement teeth. A dental implant is composed of three main parts. A crown which is always a custom made replacement that is made to match your natural tooth, an implant which is the main component that is usually fused into your jaw bone and an abutment that is the main connector between the implant and the crown. Dental implants usually come in these two main categories.

Endosteal Dental Implants

This is usually done in the jawbone. It is the most common form of dental implant that uses various types of cylinders or screws that placed into the jawbone through a dental surgical procedure. In this type of implant, each implant might hold one or more prosthetic teeth. This type of implant is greatly recommended for people bridges or removable dentures.

Subperiosteal Dental Implants

Contrary to endosteal that is a form of dental implant which is placed in the jawbone, subperiosteal is placed on top of the jawbone. This form of implant involves the use of metal frameworks posts that are left protruding through the gum to hold on to the prosthesis. Subperiosteal implants are usually recommended for patients who have minimal bone height or are unable to wear conventional dentures.

Ideal Candidate

To determine if you are an ideal candidate for a dental implant, you should contact your dentist to carry out the necessary checkups. Some of the basic checkups may include, determining if you have adequate bone in your jaw, and healthy gums that are free from periodontal disease. Dental implants are usually safe and remain to be the closest you can get to wearing natural teeth. They can last a life time if proper care is taken. At this juncture your dentist may choose to involve a periodontist. A periodontist are medical practitioners who also have the special knowledge, training and facilities that you need to have the perfect implants.However the success of an implant depends mostly on the health of its recipient, drugs which influence the chances of osseointergration and the general mouth tissues. The amount of stress that will be faced by the implant during chewing should also be evaluated since this will help in minimizing wear and tear. Positioning of the implants will also be very vital. Though the positioning will entirely be determined by the adjacent teeth, ensuring that they fit in well will enhance their efficiency and therefore reduce on their stress. It is also because of these reasons that you should in fact consult your doctor.

Implant Dentistry Procedure

The kind dental implant procedure that your dentist will recommend will be determined mainly by the following.

The Number of Missing Teeth

If you have just a tooth missing then one single crown and a single implant can be used to replace it. If you have several teeth missing, the dentist will use implant supported bridges to replace it. However if you are missing all your teeth then an implant supported full bridge or full denture will be used.

Jawbone Quality

The quality and quantity of the jawbone in which the implant is to be placed is very vital to the process of implant. For instance the upper back jaw has been for a long time considered the most difficult area to put an implant. This is because it has insufficient bone quantity and also it is close to the sinus. The dentist may use a process called sinus augmentation to help in correcting this problem and in turn achieve a well developed bone for the process of implants.

Possible Ridge Modification

Jawbone deformities can also leave you with in adequate jawbone to carry out an implant. However to correct this problem, your gum will be lifted away from the ridge to expose the bony defect. The dentist will then fill the jawbone with a bone substitute to modify the ridge. Once the modification has been successfully done, the implant surgery can then be carried out successfully.

Bone Building Drugs

Consumption of bone building drugs can also limit the possibility of having an implant. These drugs that are generally referred to as bisphosphonates have a tendency of creating high risk levels to people who use them and who in turn have undergone dental implants. These drugs lead to complication and therefore may not allow for anyone who has consumed them to undergo implant surgery.

Most implant procedures are done in five basic steps.

Soft Tissue Incision

Here the thick attached gingival tissues are cut through to the bone crest. It is done to allow the final implant to have thick compact tissues around it.

High Speed Drilling

This is the main step after cutting through the tissues. The high speed drilling on the jawbone is done to create pilot holes for the implants without necessarily creating any pressure on the jawbone.

Low Speed Drilling

This type of drilling is to supplement the pilot hole by making it sizable for the implants again without destroying any part of the jawbone.


The implant is then placed in the pilot hole. If the screw is not self tapping it can be tapped by an implant analog. This will ensure that it remains steady to its original placement.

Tissue Placement

The gingival is then wrapped up around the implants so that it can grow back into a thick band of healthy tissue and in turn ensure a great healing process and also very effective implant.


Once the dental implant procedure is finished successfully, the healing process can begin. It may take time but that will be determined by the overall that is given to the implants. Dental implants are very common and have been proven to be the most commendable form of teeth placement. It has very many advantages including, restoring confidence, giving you teeth with a natural touch, long lasting, and highly efficient placement among others. For more about dental implants find us on

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